The European Commission on Climate Change has published a report on its website, COP 26. It was released in March of this year. The purpose of the report was to gain comment on how effective adaptation strategies are in the field of global warming. The commission divides the report into four main chapters and also includes a write up.
The first chapter addresses the issues with information and education. The information refers to the preparation of an information package covering the topics of adaptation and research. It is hoped that the report will encourage member states to adopt more effective policies in dealing with climate change and that the political response measures will be robust enough to protect the environment. It is important to remember that the political response measures are not enforceable.
The second chapter looks at the problems of adaptation in detail. The policy makers are then presented with the need for realistic and comprehensive assessments in order to develop adequate adaptation strategies. There is need for national authorities to communicate their objectives clearly. The European Union is part of the global environmental organization and therefore must fulfil certain targets concerning the reduction of greenhouse gases. It is hoped that the creation of a European monitoring system can contribute to the effectiveness of the policy makers in achieving these targets.
The third chapter looks at the impact of adaptation policy on the global warming. In addition, there is an issue of funding which has been highlighted by the increasing cost of renewable energy in some countries. Furthermore, there is a need to review the legal provisions in force in order to ensure that the legal framework does not impede or weaken the ability of the adaptation strategy. This could lead to increased conflicts over energy between member states.
The forth chapter addresses the social and economic impacts of climate change. This includes a description of the differences in the quality of life across regions as well as an assessment of the likely effect of adaptation policies on the countries involved. The authors conclude that it is necessary to increase the ambition of policy makers and review their expectations. They also call for more accurate and reliable estimates of greenhouse gas emissions as well as adaptation possibilities and provide guidelines on what should be included in such a framework.
The European Commission on Climate Change’s webpage on adaptation shows a few useful links. There are also several reports available which provide further information on adaptation. For an overview and some ideas about the report, see the Climactic Adaptation Strategies 2021. For a full list of strategies and sources of information, see the Conservation Policy website.