Climate Strategies Careers
Climate change and climate adaptation are the two main focuses of efforts being made by government, civil society and businesses to reduce and adapt to climate change. A lot of work has been done in the past decade on climate change adaptation. The focus areas have been the physical environment, policies and programs, infrastructure development, adaptation services and research. Governments around the world are taking on a wide range of issues relating to climate change adaptation and mitigation. The recent developments have seen the conveniences of the average person becoming a part of the solution for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Adaptation strategies involve adapting to climate change through collective efforts with support from government, society and business. These efforts are often designed to keep some portion of the current biodiversity while attempting to reduce emissions. Common adaptation strategies include carbon absorption, shifting to renewable energy sources, preserving tropical forests and relocating communities. Adaptation is a collective endeavor. While there are many individual efforts to decrease emissions and save on electricity, adaptation strategies tend to be collective. The use of mass public steps is increasingly common.
One of the most successful adaptation strategies in recent times has been the development and implementation of low carbon technology. Countries such as France, UK and USA have national programs that have combined adaptation with research and deployment of low carbon technology. Low carbon technology generally refers to a technology that traps heat or cool air using a process called “ensurement”. This low emissions technology has been proven to work in many cases. The major benefit to adaptation strategies is that they reduce greenhouse gas emissions while simultaneously improving the environment.
Policies and programs designed for adaptation also deal with mitigation. Mitigation deals with the change in the environment that is caused by climate change. These include adaptation strategies as well as changes in infrastructure that will need to be adapted to climate change. Reduction in greenhouse gases may not necessarily be complete in some regions, so adaptation measures should also deal with how to mitigate climate change.
In terms of the types of positions available in the field of ecology, those working in the climate change field are particularly well-represented. There are numerous concentrations within this field. One such concentration is the impact of climate change on ecosystems. This involves the monitoring, assessment and evaluation of the existing ecosystems. It also involves the study of new habitats, ecosystems and species as a result of climate change and its impact.
Careers within this field are also diverse. Those working in it deal with evaluating, monitoring, and adapting to different climates. They may also help define and protect ecosystems, help improve the efficiency of ecosystems, improve water quality and introduce or monitor new species.